And unless we learn from the past and remember it, and apply those lessons for the future, we're destined to get stuck in the same rut and repeat the same mistakes over and over.
But Judaism also introduced a concept into human history that is revolutionary in all aspects, particularly in the aspect of morality and the notion of history in general -- the idea of an infinite God who acts in history.
The universe has no independent existence outside of God "willing" it to exist.
Everything in the universe is under God's control -- from the quantum to the cosmic.
Since God is the cosmic scriptwriter, director and producer, the events of human history are not random. This means we're headed for a specific destination; there is a finish line.
If God knows and controls everything, then history is a controlled process leading to a destination.
Once Adam is completed, God then, so to speak, takes off His cosmic watch, hands it to Adam and says, "Now we switch to earth time." A day becomes a revolution of the earth on its axis, a year is the earth going round the sun once, etc. He lacks nothing and there is absolutely nothing we can do for Him. One of the most fundamental ideas in Judaism is that God created us give us the ultimate gift: a relationship with Himself, transcendence (in Hebrew the word is dvekut – attachment).
According to Jewish chronology, God took off His watch more than 5760 years ago.(1) There is a profound lesson rooted in the idea of starting the Jewish calendar from the completion of Adam. Many people believe that God needs us so He created man to serve Him. Connecting to God is the ultimate form of relationship and that which our soul ultimately yearns for.
This series is designed as a basic overview of all the Jewish history -- all 4,000 years of it.
Usually when one mentions the word "history" most people break out in a cold sweat.